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RE:학업

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Administrator of ETT
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2015-03-18 22:05
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안녕하세요 에세이탑팀입니다.

올려주신 Topic 1, 4 확인하였습니다.

1500, 3000단어의 경우 금액은 아래 적어주신 메일로 송부드렸으니 확인바랍니다.

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Task description This on-line discussion board requires reading, research and response to five of the various topics posted on the discussion board. When responding to your peers’ comments, be very clear as to whom you are responding and do not forget to refer back to the discussion topic. Each submitted response must be no less than 300 words, not including references. Each 500 words response requires minimum 3 references per discussion. Submission of this assessment requires you to upload your five (5) discussions, including the references of each discussion, into the Assignment Dropbox with an assignment coversheet.

This on-line discussion board is due on the **/**/**** by **** and should be prepared using *** (*th ed.) formatting. Marks will be deducted for late submissions and insufficient references. Task length 1 500 words equivalent - does not include references (there is an allowance of 10% over the word limit) Links to unit’s intended learning outcomes 3 (1 to 7) Assessment criteria The marking criterion is available on the LMS site for this course. The on-line discussion is worth 40% of the total mark for this unit of study

ex)

On February 13th 2008, Kevin Rudd gave a formal apology speech in parliament to apologize to the Stolen Generations of the Aboriginal people.  Rudd apologized and reflected on the importance of many things that have occurred in our nations past history that caused the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people suffering, pain and loss. He apologized for their past mistreatment towards the Aboriginal people, especially the Stolen Generations, for the past laws and policies of successive governments, in particular, the removal of Aboriginal children causing families and communities to break up.

One of the past policies that have greatly impacted on the lives of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, as Louise mentioned, was Terra Nullius. This policy was introduced during Australia’s colonization, where the Aboriginal land was taken over by British settlers on the basis that the land was empty and belonged to no-one (Madley, 2004). This significantly impacted on the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander, as the population declined drastically due to the impact of new diseases, the mistreatment and social and cultural disruption (Smith, 2007).  Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders today still face these challenges, as they are unable to connect with their homeland and still feel discouraged and a loss of identity that they previously had before the British settlers invaded Australia.

Another policy that had impacted on the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander is the Protection policy. This policy was introduced to control relations between the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and other Australians, with the intentions of wanting to ‘help’ the Aboriginal community. The government believed that the Aboriginal’s way of living was unacceptable and that they needed ‘protection’. The power of these laws allowed the British settlers to segregate and have control over a large population of Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders, in terms of where they lived, where they could work, who they could marry and associate with (Madley, 2004).

Determining whether the disadvantages of the Indigenous have been reduced is a start to know whether the gap is closing or not. To assess whether Rudd’s commitments to ‘closing the gap’ have been successful, like Louise, Alana and Joanne said, I, also would analyse and research data and then compare the life expectancy, educational levels, employment levels, and economic status between the Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders and the non-Indigenous population. I would also focus on determining how much access to primary health care services the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have, and whether the detecting, treating and managing of chronic health conditions have improved (Henderson, 2015). Overall focusing on the factors that will affect their well-being and health, as well as the amount of access they have to services will help assess whether the gap is actually closing or not.

However, recent articles have reported that they have the incapacity to ‘close the gap’ between the Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations (Karvelas, 2015).  Although there are some improvements in education and health outcomes, there has been no progress in Indigenous employment outcomes, small gains in Indigenous life expectancy and slow progress on infant mortality (Karvelas, 2015). Campaign co-chair Mick Gooda, reported that the impact on life expectancy of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people is due to the undetected treatable and preventable chronic diseases (Henderson, 2015). It’s disappointing to see that Australia, a country that is rich in so many areas, fail to treat the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

 

Reference:

Henderson, A. (2015). Closing the Gap: Two decades to address Indigenous disadvantage, report ‘profoundly disappointing’, Tony Abbott says. Retrieved March 16th, from http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-02-11/close-the-gap-initiatives-failing-in-key-areas-mundine-says/6084512

Karvelas, P. (2015). Closing the Gap: how are we getting it so wrong? Retrieved March 16th, from http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-02-11/karvelas-closing-the-gap-how-are-we-getting-it-so-wrong/6086018

Madley, B. (2004). Patterns of frontier genocide 1803-1910: The Aboriginal Tasmanians, the Yuki of California, and the Herero of Namibia. Journal of Genocide Research, 6(2), 167-192.

Smith, J.D. (2007). Australia’s Rural and Remote Health: A Social Justice Perspective.

 

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